Nutrition: Glucose and Diabetes Type 1 vs. Type 2, Carbohydrates, Lipids, & Proteins
Once delicious food has been digested, nutrients enter the bloodstream to reach all the cells in your body. Your cells need glucose all the time to keep producing ATP through the process of cellular respiration. The body is always trying to maintain a consistent sugar level in your blood – making sure it is not too high or low. Sugar levels in the blood are controlled by two hormones released by the pancreas.
After you eat and your blood sugar level is high, insulin is released to encourage uptake of glucose into your cells and to help convert glucose to glycogen for storage in the liver.
If you haven’t eaten in a while and blood sugar level is low, glucagon is released to convert glycogen to glucose for delivery to your cells.
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